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Fragmentation reactions of charged aqueous clusters

Consta, S. 2002. Fragmentation reactions of charged aqueous clusters. JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR STRUCTURE-THEOCHEM 591: 131-140.
Author Keywords:
fragmentation reactions; computer simulations; aqueous clusters; activated processes; charged systems; shape fluctuations
Keywords Plus:
MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS SIMULATION; ATMOSPHERIC-PRESSURE; ION EVAPORATION; DROPLETS; WATER; DISTRIBUTIONS; ENERGY
Abstract:
Fragmentation reaction of mesoscopic aqueous clusters loaded with several sodium ions is investigated by computer simulations. The ratio of the number of ions over that of the solvent molecules is such that the clusters are stable for several nanoseconds. Fragmentation is caused by infrequent shape fluctuations. A new reaction coordinate is introduced that captures the shape changes that determine the reaction mechanism and allows for the study of the reaction using theories of activated processes. The nature of the shape fluctuations responsible for the fragmentation is characterized by free energy profiles computed as function of the new reaction coordinate. Dynamics of the fragmentation shows that the barrier crossing is diffusive so that the dynamical corrections to the transition state are large. The structure of the decay of the time-dependent rate constant reflects the diffusive character of the recrossing dynamics so that a plateau is established after a long transient time of 5 ps. The free energy and dynamics of the reaction demonstrate that clusters fragment unevenly in contrast to predictions of analytical theories. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.