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Ionization reactions of ion complexes in mesoscopic water clusters

Consta, S; Kapral, R. 1999. Ionization reactions of ion complexes in mesoscopic water clusters. JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 111 (22): 10183-10191.

Keywords Plus:
MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS SIMULATION; COMPUTER-SIMULATION; POLAR-SOLVENT; PAIR; SOLVATION; DISSOCIATION; ASSOCIATION

Abstract:
The free energy and dynamics of the dissociation reactions of the [Na+(Cl-)(2)] ion complex in mesoscopic water clusters are examined. The free energy surface shows the existence of stable single and double solvent-separated complex species formed from ionization of the stable double-contact ion complex. The reaction occurs on the cluster surface for mesoscale clusters composed of tens of water molecules. Passage between stable species is an activated process but barrier crossing has a large diffusive component so that dynamical corrections to transition state theory are large. The structure of the decay of the time-dependent rate constant reflects the diffusive character of the recrossing dynamics so that a plateau is not established on a 10 ps time scale in contrast to ionization dynamics in bulk fluids. (C) 1999 American Institute of Physics. [S0021-9606(99)51941-7].